Triaxial compression test accompanied by ultrasonic and permeability measurements
A specimen of the low permeability and low porosity Dethlingen Sandstone (k: 0.04 mD, φ: 4.5%) was exposed to a low confining pressure of 10 MPa and a peak axial stress of 250 MPa. The test run is displayed in the graph below. While the stress-strain curve (in green) still takes an apparently linear course, the shear wave velocity (red crosses) is the first to exceed a maximum and subsequently slows down. This reflects the beginning of micro crack formation, and the resulting inner destruction of the sample cylinder. As soon as the micro cracks start to connect, P waves (pink triangles) also decelerate and permeability (to gas ; blue curve) increases instantaneously. From the relationship of the velocity changes between the P and S wave it can be inferred that fracturing follows the main compressive stress σ1 and that the micro cracks are oriented perpendicular to the least principle stress σ3 (for details see (Braun & Jahns 1998).
In September 2019 the Swiss National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (NAGRA) commisioned Gesteinslabor with UCS, Brazilian and triaxial tests on neighbouring rocks of the Opalinus Clay - the rock which will host Switzerland's future facilities for nuclear waste disposal.
Gesteinslabor receives funding grant for the development of a novel test rig to determine capillary threshold pressure with hydrogen
Gesteinslabor receives funding from BMWi for the development of a new test rig. With this funding, our company will open up a new business field in renewable energies by implementing an innovative technology to determine the capillary threshold pressure with hydrogen on cap rock of underground gas storage facilities.